Security forces and right-wing groups prevent peaceful ‘Trikora’ demonstration in Jakarta

Joint security forces and multiple right-wing groups have prevented Papuan students from holding a peaceful demonstration in commemoration of Jakarta's Trikora speech. On 19 December 1961, Indonesia’s first president Soekarno held the Trikora Speech. He expressed Indonesia’s claims regarding the former Dutch colony of Nederlands Nieuw Guinea; today commonly referred to as West Papua. Supporters of the Indonesian Peoples’ Front for West Papua (FRI WP) and the Papuan Student Alliance (AMP) met in central Jakarta on 19 December 2020, around 12.30 pm, and began to walk towards the presidential palace.


Update on law enforcement process in multiple cases of human rights violations in Intan Jaya

The Commander of the Army Military Police, Dodik Widjanarko, has promised to settle multiple human rights violations related to ongoing military operations in the Papuan highland regency of Intan Jaya. During a press conference held in Jakarta on 23 December 2020, he informed the public about the current status of law enforcement operations in four cases of human rights violations in Intan Jaya. The military police have launched investigations into (1) the arson of government health facilities in the Hitadipa district on 19 September 2020, (2) the shooting of catholic catechist Agustinus Duwitau on 7 October 2020, (3) the enforced disappearance of Luther Zanambani and Apinus Zanambani on 21 April 2020 and (4) the torture and extra-judicial execution of Rev. Yeremia Zanambani on 21 September 2020. Widjanarko emphasised that all military law enforcement institutions will settle the cases following legal provisions and applicable procedures. He promised that the military would ensure full transparency in all law enforcement processes.


New report details numerous violations by PT Freeport Indonesia in West Papua

Indigenous tribes such as the Kamoro and the Amungme have been claiming their communities have been afflicted with poverty, violence and mostly environmental degradation since the Grasberg mine operated by PT Freeport Indonesia began its activities 48 years ago. Turning the spotlight again on this critical issue, the ICP, together with the Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI), the Initiative Action for Ecology and Peoples' Emancipation (AEER), the Center for Study, Documentation and Advocacy on Peoples' Rights (PUSAKA), Friends of the Earth Papua (WALHI Papua), the Lokataru Law and Human Rights Office, INTERPRT, TAPOL, VIVAT International, Westpapua-Netzwerk (WPN), Geneva for Human Rights (GHR), and Franciscans International (FI) has launched today a new special report called "PT Freeport Indonesia and its tail of violations in Papua: human, labour and environmental rights". The 27-page publication covers detailed aspects of different human rights violations involving the Freeport-McMoRan's Indonesian subsidiary, PT Freeport Indonesia, during the last years.



Celebration of International Human Rights Day in Nabire accompanied by arrests – Papuan Catholic Priests call for dialogue and reconciliation

The 10th December marks the International Human Rights Day – Human rights defenders across the world use the day to organise demonstrations and other peaceful activities to draw public attention on human rights grievances. In the Papuan town of Nabire, multiple commemorations were forcefully dispersed by police officers (see photo on the left, source: JPIC Kingmi Papua). A group of 147 Papuan Catholic priests working across West Papua have used the International Human Rights Day to publish a moral call for justice and truth in West Papua. The priests emphasized their support for a dialogue and reconciliation to settle the conflict in West Papua, which has shattered the region for over 50 years.



Military Base in Tambrauw inaugurated without consent of indigenous land rights holders

The local government in Tambrauw has inaugurated the new military district command headquarters (KODIM) in the regency. By doing that, it has ignored ongoing protests by indigenous land rights holders as well as multiple cases of military violence and intimidation against local communities. These have occurred in Tambrauw since the establishment of the new KODIM and a sub-district military command (KORAMIL) in the Kwoor district. A delegation of the Tambrauw Government inaugurated the new KODIM in an official ceremony at the 181 Praja Vira Tama military district command in the city of Sorong on 14 December 2020 (see photo below, source: Jubi).


Update on killing of four Papuans in Puncak Regency – Victim’s families demand thorough investigation

Relatives of four indigenous Papuans who were reportedly killed by security force members in the Gome District on 20 November 2020 demand a timely and thorough investigation into the murder allegations. On 3 December 2020, the families of the deceased together with other protesters gathered in front of the district police headquarters in the town of Ilaga (see photo on top, source: Jubi). A scheduled meeting between the relatives, police and local Government officials was finally cancelled because the families demanded the presence of provincial parliament representatives and the Papuan representative office of the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM).



KNPB members again arrested in Merauke – Police chief threatens to shoot activists in the legs

The Merauke police has again carried out raids against the political movement organisation West Papua National Coalition (KNPB), which advocates the right for self-determination through non-violent demonstrations and peaceful civil resistance activities. On 13 December 2020, joint security force members allegedly destroyed parts of the KNPB office facilities in Merauke (see top photo, source: independent human rights defenders) and arrested 14 KNPB members (see table below). The director of the Papuan Legal Aid Institute (LBH Papua), Imanuel Gobay, stated that police officers beat the 14 activists with wooden sticks during the arrest and detention at the police station (see photo below, source: independent human rights defenders). The police officers reportedly arrested the activists without showing a warrant. All of them are currently in custody.


Former Papuan detainee sick – relatives suspect long-term consequences of torture during custody

Mispo Gwijangge, an internally displaced Papuan from the Nduga Regency who was criminalised for the alleged involvement in the killing of multiple road workers in Nduga on 4 December 2018 is currently sick. His relatives assume that the sudden drop of his physical condition is related to multiple acts of torture which Mispo Gwijangge experienced during custody at the Jayawijaya District police station. He was arbitrarily arrested in Wamena on 10 May 2019 and charged with Article 340 of the Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP) on premeditated murder. The trial was then moved to Jakarta. Mispo Gwijangge was unconditionally released after a forensic examination of his teeth showed that he was only 16 years old. The trial revealed multiple procedural violations in the police investigation, including, torture and the prevention of access to lawyers and translators during police interrogations.


Sixth Anniversary of ‘Bloody Paniai Case’ – No perpetrators prosecuted

On 8 December 2014, joint security force members opened fire at a crowd of indigenous Papuans in the Paniai Regency. The security forces shot dead four high school students and injured at least 17 other persons with bullets. On 8 December 2020, the victim’s relatives gathered at the grave of the dead pupils at the Karel Gobai field in the town of Enarotali to commemorate the tragic incident (see photo on the left, source: JPIC Kingmi Papua). Six years of waiting for the law enforcement process against the perpetrators have left the relatives deeply disappointed. Nonetheless, they continue to demand justice for their lost ones. The relatives and local human rights organisations urged the Indonesian Government to immediately allow the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to visit West Papua and push for the settlement of past gross human rights violations in Indonesia.


Update on the situation of IDPs from Nduga, Intan Jaya and Mimika

Armed clashes between the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPN PB) and Indonesian security forces have caused the internal displacement of thousands of indigenous Papuans from the regencies of Nduga, Intan Jaya and Mimika. Local human rights observers have estimated their total number at around 60,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs). Particularly, IDPs' situation from Nduga is of great concern – most of them have already been displaced since December 2018, and an end of military operations in their regency is not yet in sight. The large majority of IDPs are left to themselves, without humanitarian aid from the government, relevant state agencies or the Red Cross. They are not able to return to their villages due to ongoing military raids in the Papuan central highlands which continue to be accompanied by cases of torture and extra-judicial killings.

Download joint report on humanitarian crisis in West Papua here


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  9. Military police investigate alleged burning of Government facilities in Intan Jaya
  10. Treason trial against three Papuans from Maybrat in Sorong District Court
  11. Security force members allegedly shoot dead high school student in Puncak - second student injured by bullets
  12. Papuan human rights defender threatened and stigmatised as separatist
  13. Members of Papuan Peoples' Assembly face intimidation and arrest during preparation of hearings about Papuan Special Autonomy
  14. Palm oil conglomerate Korind accused of clearing rainforest in West Papua with fire
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  17. Human rights lawyer intimidated in Jayapura
  18. Indonesian Bishops call for dialogue in West Papua
  19. Humanitarian Team for Intan Jaya shares its findings concerning the killing of Pastor Zanambani
  20. Pacific Conference of Churches calls for "40 Days of Hunger for Justice and Peace" in West Papua
  21. Another church worker killed in Intan Jaya – Security force members accuse victim of being TPN PB member
  22. Verdict in treason trial against 23 Papuan political detainees in Fakfak
  23. Allegations of enforced disappearance in Nduga Regency – Two indigenous leaders missing after military operation
  24. Police fail to respect freedom of peaceful assembly in West Papua – 13 protesters arrested, one injured by bullet during demonstration against Otsus II
  25. Update on killing of Rev Zanambani in Intan Jaya – Fact finding team submits report to Minister Mahfud MD
  26. Military members show up in church during ordination of new priests
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  28. Update on armed conflict in Intan Jaya – Government plans exploitation of gold reserves while residents face displacement and education crisis
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  30. Human Rights Update West Papua - 3rd Quarter 2020