Indonesian Law No. 11 of 2008 on Electronic Information and Transactions

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This law was amended in 2016, read about the changes here.

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
No. 11 OF 2008
CONCERNING
ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND TRANSACTIONS
BY THE GRACE OF ALMIGHTY GOD
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA,


Considering:

a. that the national development is a sustainable process that must constantly be responsive to the various dynamics that occur in society;

b. that globalization of information has put Indonesia as part of the world information society that requires the establishment of arrangement for the management of Electronic Information and transactions at the national level so the development of Information Technology can be done in an optimal, distributive, and spread manner throughout all levels of society to advance the intellectual life of the nation;

c. that the development and advance of Information Technology have contributed to changes in the people's life activities in the various fields that have had a direct effect on the emergence of new forms of legal acts;

d. that the use and utilization of Information Technology must continuously be developed to foster, maintain, and strengthen the national union and unity based on Rules in the national interest;

e. that utilization of Information Technology has an important role in national trade and economic growth in order to achieve social prosperity;

f. that the Government should support the development of Information Technology through infrastructure of law and its regulation in order that the Information Technology utilization is carried out securely to prevent its misuse with due regard to religious and social-cultural values of the Indonesian society;

g. that based on consideration as intended in paragraphs a, b, c, d, e, and f, it is necessary to make Law concerning Electronic Information and Transactions;
In view of:

Article 5 paragraph (1) and Article 20 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945

By joint approval of
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
and
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
DECIDES:
To stipulate:

LAW CONCERNING ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND TRANSACTIONS
CHAPTER I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1

In this Law, what is meant by:

1. Electronic Information is one or a set of electronic data, including but not limited to text, sounds, images, maps, drafts, photographs, electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mails, telegrams, telex, telecopy or the like, letters, signs, figures, Access Codes, symbols or perforations that have been processed for meaning or understandable to persons qualified to understand them.

2. Electronic Transaction is a legal act that is committed by the use of Computers, Computer networks, and/or other electronic media.

3. Information Technology is a technique to collect, prepare, store, process, announce, analyze, and/or disseminate information.

4. Electronic Document is any Electronic Information that is created, forwarded, sent, received, or stored in analogue, digital, electromagnetic, optical form, or the like, visible, displayable and/or audible via Computers or Electronic Systems, including but not limited to writings, sounds, images, maps, drafts, photographs or the like, letters, signs, figures, Access Codes, symbols or perforations having certain meaning or definition or understandable to persons qualified to understand them.

5. Electronic System is a set of electronic devices and procedures that serve to prepare, collect, process, analyze, store, display, announce, send, and/or disseminate Electronic Information.

6. Operation of Electronic System is Electronic System utilization by the state administrators, Persons, Business Entities, and/or the society.

7. Electronic System Network is an interlinked network of two or more Electronic Systems, which are closed or open.

8. Electronic Agent is an automated electronic means that is used to initiate an action to certain Electronic Information, which is operated by Persons.

9. Electronic Certificate is a certificate in electronic nature that contains an Electronic Signature and identity, demonstrating a status of a legal subject of parties to an Electronic Transaction issued by Certification Service Providers.

10. Electronic Certification Service Provider is a legal entity that acts as a reliable party, issues and audits Electronic Certificates.

11. Reliability Certification Institute is an independent institution that is formed by professionals acknowledged, certified, and supervised by the Government, whose authority is to audit and issue reliability certificates for Electronic Transactions.

12. Electronic Signature is a signature that contains Electronic Information that is attached to, associated or linked with other Electronic Information that is used for means of verification and authentication.

13. Signatory/Signer is a legal subject associated or linked with an Electronic Signature.

14. Computer is an electronic, magnetic, optical data processing device, or a system that performs logic, arithmetic, and storage functions.

15. Access is an activity to make interaction with independent or network Electronic Systems.

16. Access Code is a figure, letter, symbol, other character or a combination thereof, which is a key to enable Access to Computers and/or other Electronic Systems.

17. Electronic Contract is an agreement of parties entered into by means of Electronic Systems.

18. Sender/Originator is a legal subject that sends Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents.

19. Recipient/Addressee is a legal subject that receives Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents from Senders.

20. Domain Name is an internet address of a state administrator, Person, Business Entity, and/or the society that can be used for communication over the internet, in the form of unique character code or set to identify a certain location on the internet.

21. Person is an individual, whether an Indonesian citizen, foreign citizen, or legal entity.

22. Business Entity is a sole proprietorship or partnership of both legal entity and non-legal entity.

23. Government is a Minister or other official appointed by the President.
Article 2

This Law shall apply to any Person to take legal acts as governed by this Law, both within jurisdiction of Indonesia and outside jurisdiction of Indonesia, which has legal effect within jurisdiction of Indonesia and/or outside jurisdiction of Indonesia and detrimental to the interest of Indonesia.
CHAPTER II
PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES
Article 3

Information Technology and Electronic Transaction utilization shall be implemented under the principles of legal certainty, benefit, prudence, good faith, and freedom to choose technology or technology neutrality.
Article 4

Information Technology and Electronic Transaction utilization shall be implemented with the objectives to:

a. advance the intellectual life of the people as part of the world information community;
b. develop the national trade and economy in the framework to improve social welfare;
c. improve the effectiveness and efficiency of public services;
d. open up wide opportunities as possible to any Person to cultivate his/her insight and capability in the optimal and responsible use and utilization of Information Technology; and
e. give senses of security, justice, and legal certainty for Information Technology users and operators.

CHAPTER III
ELECTRONIC INFORMATION, DOCUMENTS, AND SIGNATURES
Article 5

(1) Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents and/or the printouts thereof are valid legal evidence.

(2) Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents and/or the printouts thereof as intended by paragraph (1) shall be the expansion of lawful means of proof in accordance with the Law of Procedure applicable in Indonesia.

(3) Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents shall be declared to be lawful if using Electronic Systems in accordance with provisions as governed by this Law.

(4) Provisions on Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents as intended by paragraph (1) shall not apply to:

a. certificates that under Laws must be made in writing form; and
b. certificates together with their papers that under Laws must be made in notary deed or deed made by land conveyances.

Article 6

Where other provisions are in place other than those regulated in Article 5 paragraph (4) requiring that information must be in writing or original form, Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents shall be deemed to be lawful to the extent information contained therein is accessible, displayable, assured as to its integrity, and accountable in order to be explanatory.
Article 7

Any Person who asserts rights, affirms existing rights, or denies other Persons' rights with respect to the existence of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents must ensure that Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents with him/her originate in Electronic Systems eligible under Laws and Regulations.
Article 8

(1) Unless agreed otherwise, time of sending of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents shall be determined at the time the Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents have been sent to the proper address by the Senders to Electronic Systems the Recipients designate or use, and have entered Electronic Systems outside the control of the Senders.

(2) Unless agreed otherwise, the time of receipt of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents shall be determined at the time the Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents enter Electronic Systems under the control of the authorized Recipients.

(3) Where Recipients have designated certain Electronic Systems to receive Electronic Information, reception shall occur at the time Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents enter designated Electronic Systems.

(4) Where there are two or more information systems used in the sending or reception of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents, then:

a. the time of sending shall be the time when Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents enter a first information system outside the control of the Senders.
b. the time of receipt shall be the time when Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents enter a last information system under the control of the Recipients.

Article 9

Business actors that offer products through Electronic Systems must make available full and true information about contractual conditions, producers, and offered products.
Article 10

(1) Any business actor who conducts Electronic Transactions may be certified by Reliability Certification Institutes.

(2) Provisions on formation of Reliability Certification Institutes as intended in paragraph (1) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
Article 11

(1) Electronic Signatures shall have lawful legal force and legal effect to the extent satisfying the following requirements:

a. Electronic Signature creation data shall be associated only with the Signers;
b. Electronic Signature creation data at the time the electronic signing process shall be only in the power of the Signers;
c. Any alteration in Electronic Signatures that occur after the signing time is knowable;
d. Any alteration in Electronic Information associated with the Electronic Signatures after the signing time is knowable;
e. There are certain methods adopted to identify the identity of the Signers; and
f. There are certain methods to demonstrate that the Signers have given consent to the associated Electronic Information;

(2) Further provisions on Electronic Signatures as intended in paragraph (1) shall be regulated by Government Regulation
Article 12

(1) Any person engaged in the Electronic Signature shall provide security for the use of Electronic Signatures;

(2) Security of Electronic Signatures as intended in paragraph (1) shall include at least:

a. the systems are not accessible to unauthorized persons;
b. the Signers must apply the principle of prudence to avoid unauthorized uses of Electronic Signature creation data;
c. the Signers must without delay adopt methods recommended by Electronic Signature providers, or other appropriate methods and should promptly notify Persons whom the Signers consider to be relying on the Electronic Signatures or notify parties that support Electronic Signature services if:
1. the Signers know that the Electronic Signature creation data has been compromised; or
2. circumstances known to the Signers may pose considerable risks due likely to the compromised Electronic Signature creation data; and
d. where Electronic Certificates are used to support Electronic Signatures, the Signers must confirm the truth and integrity of all information in connection with the Electronic Certificates.

(3) Any person in violation of the provisions as intended by paragraph (1) shall be responsible for any damage and legal consequence incurred.
CHAPTER IV
OPERATION OF ELECTRONIC CERTIFICATION AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS
Part One
Operation of Electronic Certification
Article 13

(1) Any person shall be entitled to engage the service of Electronic Certification Service Providers for creating Electronic Signatures.

(2) Electronic Certification Service Providers must confirm the attribution of an Electronic Signature to the owner.

(3) Electronic Certification Service Providers shall include:

a. Indonesian Electronic Certification Service Providers; and
b. foreign Electronic Certification Service Providers.

(4) Indonesian Electronic Certification Service Providers shall be an Indonesian legal entity and domiciled in Indonesia.

(5) Foreign Electronic Certification Service Providers that operate in Indonesia must be registered in Indonesia.

(6) Further provisions on Electronic Certification Service Providers as intended by paragraph (3) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
Article 14

Electronic Certification Service Providers as intended by Article 13 paragraphs (1) through (5) must make available to any service user accurate, clear, and definite information that includes:

a. methods that are adopted to identify the Signers;
b. things that can be used to recognize Electronic Signature creation personal data;
c. things that can demonstrate the validity and security of Electronic Signatures;

Part Two
Operation of Electronic Systems
Article 15

(1) Any Electronic System Provider must provide Electronic Systems in a reliable and secure manner and shall be responsible for the proper operation of the Electronic Systems.

(2) Electronic System providers shall be responsible for their Operation of Electronic Systems.

(3) The provision as intended by paragraph (2) shall not apply where it is verifiable that there occur compelling circumstances, fault, and/or negligence on the part of the Electronic System users.
Article 16

(1) To the extent not provided otherwise by separate laws, any Electronic System Provider is required to operate Electronic Systems in compliance with the following minimal requirements:

a. can redisplay Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents in their entirety in accordance with the retention period as provided for by Rules;
b. can protect the availability, entirety, authenticity, confidentiality, and accessibility of Electronic Information in the Provision of Electronic Systems;
c. can operate in compliance with procedures or guidelines for the Provision of Electronic Systems;
d. are furnished with procedures or guidelines that are announced with languages, information, or symbols that are understandable to parties attributed to the Provision of Electronic Systems; and
e. adopt sustainable mechanism in order to maintain updates, clarity, and accountability for the procedures or guidelines;

(2) Further provisions on Provision of Electronic Systems as intended by paragraph (1) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
CHAPTER V
ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS
Article 17

(1) Operator of Electronic Transactions may be carried out within a public or private scope.

(2) Parties that conduct Electronic Transactions as intended by paragraph (1) must be in good faith in making interaction and/or exchange of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents during the transactions.

(3) Further provisions on the operation of Electronic Transactions as intended by paragraph (1) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
Article 18

(1) Electronic Transactions that are stated in Electronic Contracts shall bind on parties.

(2) Parties shall have the power to choose the law applicable to international Electronic Transactions they enter.

(3) If parties do not make choice of law in international Electronic Transactions, the applicable law shall be under the principles of the Private International Law.

(4) Parties shall have the powers to determine forums of court, arbitration, or other alternative dispute resolution institutions with jurisdiction to handle disputes that may arise from international Electronic Transactions they enter.

(5) If parties do not make the choice of forum as intended by paragraph (4), the jurisdiction of the court, arbitration, or other alternative dispute resolution institution with jurisdiction to handle disputes that may arise from such transactions shall be determined under the principles of the Private International Law.
Article 19

Parties that conduct Electronic Transactions must adopt agreed-on Electronic Systems.
Article 20

(1) Unless provided otherwise by parties, Electronic Transactions shall occur at the time the transaction offers sent by Senders have been received and accepted by Recipients.

(2) Acceptance on the Electronic Transaction offers as intended by paragraph (1) must be made with an electronic acknowledgement of receipt.
Article 21

(1) Senders or Recipients may conduct Electronic Transactions in person, or by his/her proxy, or by Electronic Agents.

(2) Parties responsible for any legal effect in the conduct of Electronic Transactions as intended by paragraph (1) shall be regulated as follows:

a. if conducted in person, any legal effect in the conduct of Electronic Transactions shall become the responsibility of parties to a transaction;
b. if conducted by proxy, any legal effect in the conduct of Electronic Transactions shall become the responsibility of the grantors of the proxy; or
c. if conducted by Electronic Agents, any legal effect in the conduct of Electronic Transactions shall become the responsibility of Electronic Agent providers.

(3) If the damage of Electronic Transactions is occasioned by failure of the operation of Electronic Agents due to third parties' direct measures against Electronic Systems, any legal effect shall become the responsibility of Electronic Agents providers.

(4) If the damage of Electronic Transactions is occasioned by the failure of the operation of Electronic Agents due to negligence of service users, any legal effect shall become the responsibility of the service users.

(5) The provision as intended by paragraph (2) shall not apply if provable that there occur compelling circumstances, fault and/or negligence on the part of the Electronic System users.
Article 22

(1) Certain Electronic Agent Providers must provide features to Electronic Agents they operate to enable their users to alter information still in the process of transaction.

(2) Further provisions on certain Electronic Agent providers as intended by paragraph (1) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
CHAPTER VI
DOMAIN NAMES, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND PROTECTION OF PRIVACY RIGHTS
Article 23

(1) Any state administrator, Person, Business Entity, and/or the society shall be entitled to hold Domain Names on a first applicant principle basis.

(2) Holding and use of Domain Names as intended by paragraph (1) must be on the basis of good faith, non-violation of fair business competition, and non-infringement of the rights of other Persons.

(3) Any state administrator, Person, Business Entity, or the society damaged by other Persons' unauthorized use of Domain Names shall be entitled to lodge a claim for cancelling such Domain Names.
Article 24

(1) Domain Name administrators shall be the Government and/or the society.

(2) Where a dispute on Domain Name administration by the society occurs, the Government shall be entitled to take over temporarily the Domain Name administration in dispute.

(3) Domain Name administrators residing outside the territory of Indonesia and Domain Names they have registered shall be recognized as to its existence to the extent not against Rules.

(4) Further provisions on Domain Name administration as intended by paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
Article 25

Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents that are created into intellectual works, internet sites, and intellectual works contained therein shall be protected as Intellectual Property Rights under provisions of Rules.
Article 26

(1) Unless provided otherwise by Rules, use of any information through electronic media that involves personal data of a person must be made with the consent of the person concerned.

(2) Any person whose rights are infringed as intended by paragraph (1) may lodge a claim for damages incurred under this Law.
CHAPTER VII
PROHIBITED ACTS
Article 27

(1) Any person who knowingly and without authority distributes and/or transmits and/or causes to be accessible Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents with contents against propriety.

(2) Any person who knowingly and without authority distributes and/or transmits and/or causes to be accessible Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents with contents of gambling.

(3) Any person who knowingly and without authority distributes and/or transmits and/or causes to be accessible Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents with contents of affronts and/or defamation.

(4) Any person who knowingly and without authority distributes and/or transmits and/or causes to be accessible Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents with contents of extortion and/or threats.
Article 28

(1) Any person who knowingly and without authority disseminates false and misleading information resulting in consumer loss in Electronic Transactions.

(2) Any person who knowingly and without authority disseminates information aimed at inflicting hatred or dissension on individuals and/or certain groups of community-based on ethnic groups, religions, races, and inter-groups (SARA).
Article 29

Any person who knowingly and without authority sends Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents that contain violence threats or scares aimed personally.
Article 30

(1) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully accesses Computers and/or Electronic Systems of other Persons in any manner whatsoever.

(2) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully accesses Computers and/or Electronic Systems in any manner whatsoever with the intent to obtain Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents.

(3) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully accesses Computers and/or Electronic Systems in any manner whatsoever by breaching, hacking into, trespassing into, or breaking through security systems.
Article 31

(1) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully carries out interception or wiretapping of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents in certain Computers and/or Electronic Systems of other Persons.

(2) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully carries out interception of the transmission of nonpublic Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents from, to, and in certain Computers and/or Electronic Systems of other Persons, whether or not causing alteration, deletion, and/or termination of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents in transmission.

(3) Interception excepted from one as intended in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be interception carried out in the framework of law enforcement at the request of the police, prosecutor's office, and/or other law enforcement institutions as stated bylaws.

(4) Further provisions on procedures for interception as intended by paragraph (3) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
Article 32

(1) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully in any manner whatsoever alters, adds, reduces, transmits, tampers with, deletes, moves, hides Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents of other Persons or of the public.

(2) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully in any manner whatsoever, moves or transfers Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents to Electronic Systems of unauthorized Persons.

(3) Acts as intended by paragraph (1) shall be acts that result in any confidential Electronic Information and/or Electronic Document being compromised such that the data becomes accessible to the public in its entirety in an improper manner.
Article 33

Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully commits any act resulting in faults on Electronic Systems and/or resulting in Electronic Systems working improperly.
Article 34

(1) Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully produces, sells, causes to be used, imports, distributes, provides, or owns:

a. Computer hardware or software that is designed or specifically developed to facilitate acts as intended by Article 27 through Article 33;
b. Computer passwords, Access Codes, or the like to make Electronic Systems accessible with the intent to facilitate acts as intended by Article 27 through Article 33;

(2) Acts as intended by paragraph (1) are not criminal acts if aimed at carrying out research activities, testing of Electronic Systems, protection of Electronic Systems themselves in a legal and lawful manner.
Article 35

Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully manipulates, creates, alters, deletes, tampers with Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents with the intent that such Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents would seem to be authentic data.
Article 36

Any person who knowingly and without authority or unlawfully commits acts as intended by Article 27 through Article 34 to other Persons' detriment.
Article 37

Any person who knowingly commits prohibited acts as intended by Article 27 through Article 36 outside the territory of Indonesia towards Electronic Systems residing within jurisdiction of Indonesia.
CHAPTER VIII
DISPUTE RESOLUTION
Article 38

(1) Any Person may institute actions against parties that provide Electronic Systems and/or using Information Technology to his/her detriment.

(2) The society in accordance with provisions of Rules may bring class-action lawsuits against parties that provide Electronic Systems and/or using Information Technology to the society loss, in accordance with Rules.
Article 39

(1) Civil actions shall be instituted in accordance with provisions of Rules.

(2) In addition to resolution by civil actions as intended by paragraph (1) parties may resolve disputes through arbitration or other alternative dispute resolution institutions in accordance with provisions of Rules.
CHAPTER IX
ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT AND ROLE OF THE SOCIETY
Article 40

(1) The Government shall facilitate the Information Technology and Electronic Transaction utilization in accordance with provisions of Rules.

(2) The Government shall protect the public interest from any type of threat as a result of misusing Electronic Information and Electronic Transactions that offends public order, in accordance with provisions of Rules.

(3) The Government shall specify agencies or institutions holding strategic electronic data that must be protected.

(4) Agencies or institutions as intended by paragraph (3) must create Electronic Documents and the electronic backups thereof, and connect them with specified data centres in the interest of data security.

(5) Other agencies or institutions other than those regulated by paragraph (3) shall create Electronic Documents and their electronic backups as necessary to protect data they hold.

(6) Further provisions on the role of the Government as intended by paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) shall be regulated by Government Regulation.
Article 41

(1) The society may play role in the improvement of the Information Technology utilization through the use and Operation of Electronic Systems and Electronic Transactions in accordance with the provisions of this Law.

(2) Role of the society as intended by paragraph (1) may be played through institutions formed by society.

(3) Institutions as intended by paragraph (2) may have the functions of consultation and mediation.
CHAPTER X
INVESTIGATION
Article 42

Investigation of criminal acts as intended by this Law shall be made under the provisions of the Law of Criminal Procedure and the provisions of this Law.
Article 43

(1) In addition to Investigators of the State Police of the Republic of Indonesia, certain Civil Service Officials within the Government whose scope of duties and responsibilities is in the field of Information Technology and Electronic Transactions shall be granted special authority as investigators as intended by the Law of Criminal Procedure to make investigation of criminal acts of Information Technology and Electronic Transactions.

(2) Investigation of Information Technology and Electronic Transactions as intended by paragraph (1) shall be made with due regard to privacy protection, secrecy, smooth public services, data integrity, or data entirety in accordance with provisions of Rules.

(3) Searches and/or seizures of electronic systems suspiciously involved in criminal acts must be carried out with the permission of the local chief justice of the district court.

(4) In carrying out searches and/or seizures as intended by paragraph (3), investigators are required to maintain the public service interests.

(5) Civil Service Investigators as intended by paragraph (1) shall have the authority:

a. to receive reports or complaints from Persons of the occurrence of criminal acts under the provisions of this Law;
b. to summons any Person or other party for hearing and/or examination as suspects or witnesses in connection with suspected criminal acts in the field related to the provisions of this Law;
c. to make examination of the truth of reports or inquiries into criminal acts under the provisions of this Law;
d. to make examination of Persons and/or Business Entities that should be suspected of having committed criminal acts under this Law;
e. to make inspection of equipment and/or facilities in connection with the activities of Information Technology suspected of having been used to commit criminal acts under this Law;
f. to search certain places suspected of having been used as the place to commit criminal acts under the provisions of this Law;
g. to seal and seize equipment and/or facilities of Information Technology activities suspected of having been used in a manner departing from provisions of Rules;
h. to solicit assistance of experts necessary for investigation of criminal acts under this Law; and/or
i. to cease investigation of criminal acts under this Law in accordance with the provisions of the prevailing law of criminal procedure.

(6) To make arrest and detention, investigators through public prosecutors are required to seek an order of the local chief justice of the district court within a period of twenty-four hours.

(7) Civil Service Investigators as intended by paragraph (1) shall coordinate with Investigators of the State Police of the Republic of Indonesia to notify the commencement of investigation and deliver the results thereof to public prosecutors.

(8) In the framework to uncover criminal acts of Electronic Information and Electronic Transactions, investigators may cooperate with investigators of other countries to share information and means of proof.
Article 44

Means of proof on the investigation, prosecution and examination at court under the provisions of this Law shall be as follows:

a. means of proof as intended by provisions of Laws; and
b. other means of proof in the form of Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents as intended by Article 1 paragraph 1 and paragraph 4 as well as Article 5 paragraphs (1), (2), and (3).

CHAPTER XI
PENAL PROVISIONS
Article 45

(1) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 27 paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 6 (six) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp1,000,000,000 (one billion rupiah).

(2) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 28 paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 6 (six) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp1,000,000,000,- (one billion rupiah).

(3) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 29 shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 12 (twelve) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp2,000,000,000 (two billion rupiah).
Article 46

(1) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 30 paragraph (1) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 6 (six) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp600,000,000 (six hundred million rupiah).

(2) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 30 paragraph (2) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 7 (seven) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp700,000,000 (seven hundred million rupiah).

(3) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 30 paragraph (3) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 8 (eight) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp800,000,000 (eight hundred million rupiah).
Article 47

Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 31 paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 10 (ten) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp800,000,000 (eight hundred million rupiah).
Article 48

(1) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 32 paragraph (1) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 8 (eight) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp2,000,000,000 (two billion rupiah).

(2) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 32 paragraph (2) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 9 (nine) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp3,000,000,000 (three billion rupiah).

(3) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 32 paragraph (3) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 10 (ten) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp5,000,000,000 (five billion rupiah).
Article 49

Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 33 shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 10 (ten) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp10,000,000,000 (ten billion rupiah).
Article 50

Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 34 paragraph (1) shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 10 (ten) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp10,000,000,000 (ten billion rupiah).
Article 51

(1) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 35 shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 12 (twelve) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp12,000,000,000 (twelve billion rupiah).

(2) Any person who satisfies the elements as intended by Article 36 shall be sentenced to imprisonment not exceeding 12 (twelve) years and/or a fine not exceeding Rp12,000,000,000 (twelve billion rupiah).
Article 52

(1) Criminal acts as intended by Article 27 paragraph (1) involving propriety or sexual exploitation of children shall be subject to an increase in the sentence by one-third of the basic sentence.

(2) Criminal acts as intended by Article 30 through Article 37 aimed at Computers and/or Electronic Systems as well as Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents of the Government and/or used for public services shall be sentenced to the basic sentence plus one third.

(3) Criminal acts as intended by Article 30 through Article 37 aimed at Computers and/or Electronic Systems as well as Electronic Information and/or Electronic Documents of the Government and/or strategic agencies including and not limited to defence institutions, the central bank, banking, finance, international institutions, aviation authority shall be subject to a sentence of maximally the basic sentence for the respective Articles plus two-thirds.

(4) Criminal acts as intended by Article 27 through Article 37 committed by corporations shall be sentenced to the basic sentence plus two-thirds.
CHAPTER XII
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
Article 53

Upon effectiveness of this Law, all Rules and institutions in connection with Information Technology utilization that are not against this Law are declared to remain valid.
CHAPTER XIII
CLOSING PROVISIONS
Article 54

(1) This Law shall come into force on the date it is promulgated.

(2) Government Regulations must have been enacted not longer than 2 (two) years upon promulgation of this Law.

For public cognizance, this Law shall be promulgated by placing it in the Statute Book of the Republic of Indonesia.

Stipulated in Jakarta
on April 21, 2008
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
signed,
DR. H. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO

STATUTE BOOK OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA No. 58 OF 2008